PDF | A historical approach could help in the detection of some viewpoints that cannot be paid attention to or signified by a purely medical one. Avicenna’s Canon of Medicine-Al-qanun fi al-tibb. The oldest copies of the second volume of ” Canon Of Medicine ” () by Abu Ali Ibn Sina, known in the . A historical approach could help in the detection of some viewpoints that cannot be paid attention to or signified by a purely medical one.

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This expanded theory of four temperaments is given in the following table: The division into theoretical and practical parts differs from case to case, but we need not discuss these divisions in disciplines other than medicine. The compound intemperaments are where two things are wrong with the temperament, i.

Book 1 is made up of six theses which give a general description of medicine in general, the cosmic elements that make up the cosmos and the human body, the mutual interaction of elements temperamentsfluids of the body humourshuman anatomy, and physiology. If we cannot aptly comment on the theories regarding the etymology of illnesses or, in other terms, the “philosophy of medicine”, I believe that it will be impossible to thoroughly comprehend ancient medicine.

Actions in such cases could be accidental: The period of formation of the teeth. Avicenna describes healthy blood as “red in colour, has no unpleasant odour, and has a very sweet taste.

What does Al-Qanun Fi Al-Tibb (the Canon of Medicine) say on head injuries?

Known to us is the perceptible human body with its organs and its cells. The substances are simple in the sense of not being compounded with other substances. Soon after, eleven complete incunables were published, followed by fourteen more Latin editions in the 16th century until Spirit and Life – Aga Khan Museum”.

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Sometimes during their application against coldness, their function for producing warmth is weakened. The obverse depicts a scene showing Avicenna surrounded by his disciples, inspired by a miniature in a 17th-century Turkish manuscript; whilst on the reverse is a phrase by Avicenna in Arabic and Latin: The first part gives general rules about drugs and a treatise on what was called “the science of powers of medicines”.

His philosophical views have engaged the attention of Western thinkers over several centuries, and his books have been among the most important sources in philosophy.

Ibn Sina’s ‘Canon’ book, a medical reference in Europe for years! | Inventions

Medical scholars started to use the Canon in the 13th century, while university courses implemented the text from the 14th century onwards. The Canon says, for example, that females are colder and more moist.

He favoured proven remedies which had been tested through experience, cautioning that compounds could have unexpected or much stronger effects than might be expected from the effects of the individual components.

To ensure gentle catheterisation, Ibn Sina designed catheters with rounded, firm tips and many side holes from the skin of certain marine and other animals.

Scammony, if used to treat a cold disease, would no doubt have a warming effect and bring benefit. We still have to look at the mental powers or faculties that motivate this body. Finally, potential substitutes for the substances are given. We say experimenting leads to knowledge of the potency of a medicine with certainty after taking into consideration certain conditions.

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The Canon of Medicine

Next are listed one or more of 22 possible general actions, followed by specific properties listed according to a grid fj 11 disease types.

The obverse depicts a scene showing Avicenna surrounded by his disciples, inspired by a miniature in ri 17th-century Turkish manuscript; whilst on the reverse is a phrase by Avicenna in Arabic and Latin: The secondary fluids are separated into “non-excrementitious” and “excrementitious”.

Then a list is given of coldest members to hottest.

If it is said that some parts of medicine are theoretical and other parts are practical, this does not mean that one part teaches medicine and the other puts it into practice — as many researchers in this subject believe. If that is not the case, the effect is then accidental, because things al-tibb occur naturally are always or mostly consistent.

The Canon of Medicine | work by Avicenna |

Ibn Sina drawing by A. He defined medicine tibb as follows:. One should be aware that the intention is something else: Avicenna says that the hand, especially the palm and the tip of the index finger, is the most sensitive of all and attuned to tactile contact.

The Canon of Medicine is divided into five books: What is more, it also refers to subjects such as obesity and emaciation that affect the appearance, and preventive methods and measures for all of these are discussed.