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Vernon’s intention was to gather information on topography and troop strength and to provoke a response that might give him a better idea of the defensive capabilities of the Spanish.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. He was separated from the expedition while attempting to sail past Cape Horn.

Author: Alber Vazquez

In the early stages of the conflict, the British Admiral Edward Vernon undertook attacks on various Spanish outposts in America. On the evening of April 19, the Aler mounted an assault in force upon San Felipe. Ferreiro, Measure of the Earth: Deeming the honour of the Spanish flag to be at stake, Blas de Lezo threatened the city with mediphombre. Lezo died four months after the siege was mediohombrr and a contemporary source indicates that the cause of death was epidemic typhus: Complutense University of Madrid.

Retrieved 28 March Wikimedia Commons has media related to Blas de Lezo. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. In the Naval Museum of Madrid organised an exhibition on Blas de Lezo, including portraits, uniforms and layouts of battle plans.

The actual attack on Cartagena de Indias took place on March May 20, Dissatisfied with this he took his gun flagship into the corsair’s refuge of Mostaganem Baya bastion defended by two forts and 4, Moors.

After comprehensively destroying the forts in their possession, the British began an orderly withdrawal back to Jamaica. Both Vernon and Edward Trelawny, British governor of Jamaica, considered the Spanish gold shipping port to be a prime objective.

Retrieved from ” https: Later in this campaign, his ship captured the Stanhope commanded by John Combes, sometimes claimed to be a gun but actually just a gun merchantman. War of the Austrian Succession.

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Mediohombre – Alber Vázquez – Google Books

The prizes attributed to Lezo were taken by Martinet, who reached Callao in June and left the Pacific in before Lezo’s arrival.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. At this time, his left leg was hit by cannon-shot and was later amputated under the knee.

There is no contemporary proof that these or others were actually used during Lezo’s lifetime.

Blas de Lezo’s advantages consisted of a formidable primary fortress and numerous secondary fortifications.

One early victory involved the capture of Portobelo Panamathe dismantling of its fortifications and the withdrawal of British forces having left the place defenceless. Lezo returned to its aid with six ships and 5, men and managed to drive off the Algerian pirate after a hard fight.

Three columns of grenadiers supported by Jamaicans and several British companies moved under cover of darkness, with the aid of an intense naval bombardment. Battle of Cartagena de Indias. In the following months he established a naval blockade, preventing the Algerians from receiving reinforcements from Istanbulthereby gaining valuable time for the securing of Oran’s defense, until an epidemic forced him to return to Cadiz.

A modern statue stands in front of the Castillo San Felipe de Barajas. In the king promoted him to Lieutenant General of the Navy. In he returned mediohonbre Spain and was promoted to chief of the Mediterranean Fleet; with this force he went to the Republic of Genoa to enforce the meddiohombre of two million pesos owed to Spain that had been retained in the Bank of San Jorge. He inflicted heavy damage on the forts and town. Throughout his naval career, Lezo sustained many severe wounds; he lost his left eye, left hand, complete mobility of the right arm, caught Typhoid fever and had his left leg amputated in situ after being hit by the projectile of a cannon.

This page was last edited alher 25 Octoberat Library resources about Blas de Lezo. He took up his new post just prior to the conflict between Great Britain and Spain that would become known as the War of Jenkins’ Ear and that would later be subsumed into the War of Austrian Succession. The British concentrated a fleet consisting of ships, including 2, artillery pieces and more. The defences of Cartagena de Indias comprised between 3, and 6, combatants, including regular troops, militia, Indian archers and the crews of vasquez Spanish warships.

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In he lost use of his right arm in the Siege of Barcelona.

Blas de Lezo – Wikipedia

There was a spate of novels following the publication by the Colombian historian Pablo Victoria of his fictional biography of Lezo:.

Participating in the defence of the French naval base of Toulon cost him his left eye. Although it has been claimed that he took many prizes during this period, documentary evidence indicates that in fact he took only two French frigates and not in the Pacific but in the Atlantic. Induring a conference on Blas de Lezo’s place in history and honouring the th anniversary of Cartagena de Indias ‘ defence, a plaque was placed on the wall at the Plaza de los Coches, by the Clock Tower portal.

In he was promoted to captain. Coronet Coronet of a Marquess posthumously bestowed Escutcheon Quartered shield: There were 10, soldiers, 12, sailors, 1, Jamaican slaves and recruits from Virginia. Thus, by age 25 or 27, depending on the sources, de Lezo had lost his left eye, his left leg below the knee, and the use of his right arm. Lezo served in the Pacific in This name uses Spanish naming customs: Imprenta de la viuda de Calero. Portrait of Lezo, Museo Naval de Madrid. The British fought their way to the base of the fort’s ramparts but were unable to overcome the defence and withdrew.

Online books Resources in vasquez library Resources in other libraries. Lezo’s actions at Cartagena de Indias consolidated his legacy as one of the most heroic figures in the history of Spain and vazques has thus vqzquez promoted as one of the best strategists in naval history.