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Part of the theophylline premixed in intravenous infusions of dextrose can be manufactured with corn or corn products and may be contraindicated in patients with corn hypersensitivity.
It is specially formulated to release slowly in your body. Theophylline is excreted in breast milk in concentrations similar to the serum concentration of the mother.
Smoking amunofilina affect your dose.
These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medication. No comments yet Leave Comments Cancel reply. This medication should not be used to treat severe outbreaks of difficulty breathing. Aminophylline is chemically related to caffeine, and you may experience some side effects if you consume too much caffeine.
Patients who consume ethanol regularly but who do not show manifest hepatic dysfunction may actually require higher than normal doses. Be careful when driving, operating machinery or performing other dangerous activities. Get emergency help immediately if you have any of the following symptoms of overdose while taking aminophylline:.
IV or oral, all doses based on aminophylline: Aminophylline is used to treat breathing problems: The selection of any pharmacological treatment for asthma control during pregnancy should include the specific needs of the patient, based on an individual evaluation, and consideration of the possible benefits or risks to the fetus.
Although not all of these side effects can occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention. About The Author Ruby Gill. Any patient with cystic fibrosis or conditions affecting the thyroid should be carefully monitored while receiving theophylline. Patient not receiving aminophylline or theophylline: Seek medical attention if you have difficulty breathing.
In addition to the drugs mentioned above, others may also have interactions with aminophylline affecting your condition. If you experience dizziness or drowsiness, avoid these activities. Continue vaademecum take aminophylline and talk to your doctor if you experience.
If the total daily dose is not appropriately reduced, severe and potentially fatal theophylline toxicity may occur. Do not take more of this medication than prescribed without consulting your doctor. Discard the unused portion. Cardiac arrhythmias, heart disease, cor pulmonale, coronary aminofilinw disease, heart failure, myocardial infarction. Other, less serious side effects may also occur, although they are not common at the appropriate doses.
Doses should be reduced in infants less than 1 year of age, especially premature infants due to less developed liver metabolism.
Aparato respiratorio – Antiasmáticos y broncodilatadores | PR Vademecum Chile
Serum levels of glucose, uric acid, free fatty acids cholesterol, HDL and urinary excretion of free cortisol can reportedly be increased.
Patients with uncorrected acidemia may have an increase in the volume of theophylline distribution due to a decrease in plasma protein binding. Aminophylline works in several ways: Similarly, because theophylline can increase oxygen demand, it should be carefully prescribed in patients with coronary artery disease, especially those with a history of myocardial infarction.
Aminophylline interacts with many other drugs.
Neonates whose mothers have been taking theophylline during pregnancy or during breast-feeding should be carefully monitored. The following medications can increase the levels of aminophylline in the blood, which produces dangerous side effects:. Avoid drinks amlnofilina caffeine such as coffee, tea and cola drinks. Theophylline is contraindicated in patients who have demonstrated a aminofilia reaction to theophylline or any component in the commercial product. Unbound serum theophylline concentrations should be controlled in these patients to avoid toxicity.
Since theophylline is hepatic metabolised, it is possible that doses should be reduced in patients with moderate to severe liver disease, such as cirrhosis, acute hepatitis, cholestasis, or alcoholic liver disease.
Patient not receiving aminophylline or theophylline Loading dose: Tell your vqdemecum and pharmacist about all other medications you are taking, including herbal remedies, vitamins and other non-prescription items. Avoid eating excessive amounts of food on the grill or grilled.
Lower doses should be considered in these conditions. Doing so can also change the dose of aminophylline you need. Swallow the entire medication. Because the effect of tobacco on liver microsomal enzymes is unrelated to the nicotine component, sudden cessation of smoking may result in aminofiilna elimination of theophylline, despite the initiation of nicotine replacement products.
Maintenance dose after loading dose: Patients with hypothyroidism, acute pulmonary edema, sepsis with multiple organ failure or shock a,inofilina have decreased theophylline clearance.
Theophylline should also be used with caution in patients with respiratory infection or severe hypoxemia. The elderly may also have a reduced hepatic metabolism, and their doses should generally be lower with careful titration. Hypercalcemia has been reported in a patient with hyperthyroid disease at therapeutic concentrations of theophylline.
Theophylline should be used with caution in patients with a history of seizure disorder due to the risk of aggravating their condition.
aminofilina – Scope Heal
Theophylline has not been shown to be teratogenic in humans, but use during pregnancy can lead to potentially dangerous concentrations of theophylline and serum caffeine in neonates, as well as tachycardia, irritability and other symptoms of theophylline toxicity. The benefits and risks of using theophylline or aminophylline and the need for more intensive vademecumm of serum theophylline concentrations in adult vaddemecum over 60 years of age should be carefully considered.
Aminophylline may cause dizziness or drowsiness.