Ethnopharmacological relevance: Aquilaria spp. (agarwood) has been a part of Ayurvedic and Traditional Chinese Medicine for centuries. Aquilaria malaccensis is a large evergreen tree which occurs in Bangladesh, Aquilaria spp. have been observed to have a low natural regeneration and to be . ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Aquilaria spp. (agarwood) has been a part of Ayurvedic and Traditional Chinese Medicine for centuries. Agarwood.
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Agarwood has also been used as a traditional medicine in Southeast Asian countries, Bangladesh and Tibet. As wild agarwood trees are aquilariaa endangered and vulnerable, sustainable agricultural and forestry practices are necessary for the further development and utilization of agarwood as a source of health beneficial compounds.
In this paper, we aim to provide an overview of the phytochemistry, ethnomedicinal use, pharmacological activities and safety of plant materials from Aquilaria spp. Topics Discussed in This Paper.
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Agarwood plant materials are considered to be safe based on the doses tested. Characterization of ethanolic extracts of agarwood leaves. Reporting requirements Annual report Annual Illegal trade report Implementation report Ad hoc aquilarria. Indeed, agarwood contains a plethora of bioactive compounds that now elegantly support their use in traditional medicine.
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References Publications referenced by this paper. Agarwood has also been used as a traditional medicine in Southeast Asian countries, Bangladesh and Tibet.
CITES is aqyilaria international agreement between governments, aimed to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. They are encouraged to distribute these identification manuals as training material to management and enforcement officials.
Agarwood-producing taxa (Aquilaria spp. and Gyrinops spp.) | CITES
Agarwood-producing taxa (Aquilaria spp. and Gyrinops spp.) 17.194
HamoudaNadia Z. However, the toxicity and safety of the materials, including the smoke from agarwood incense burning, should be further investigated.
Enforcement Introduction Enforcement focal points Wildlife crime linked to the Internet Wildlife forensics. Future research should be directed towards the bio-guided isolation of bioactive compounds with proper chemical characterisation and investigations of the underlying mechanisms towards drug discovery. From This Paper Topics from this spo. Evaluation of hepatoprotective activity of ethanolic extract of Aquilaria agallocha leaves EEAA against CCl4 induced hepatic damage in rat.
Its common uses include the treatment of joint pain, inflammatory-related ailments, and diarrhoea, as well as a stimulant, sedative and cardioprotective agent. Skip to search form Skip to main content. Current activities on selected species and other key topics. Showing of references. BoxKuala Lumpur, Malaysia. In vitro antioxidant activity and phytochemical screening of Aquilaria malaccensis leaf extracts.
Rothan Current Alzheimer research Secondary metabolites from the leaves of Aquilaria agallocha. A literature survey of agarwood plant aquilqria showed that they contain sesquiterpenes, 2 phenylethyl -4H-chromenone derivatives, genkwanins, aquilarria, iriflophenones, cucurbitacins, terpenoids and phenolic acids.
Its common uses include the treatment of joint pain, inflammatory-related ailments, and diarrhoea, as well as a stimulant, sedative and cardioprotective agent.
Range, transit, consumer, and producer Parties of agarwood products are invited to compile and publish identification manuals on agarwood products, taking into consideration the updated version of the Glossary provided in the Annex aauilaria document PC22 Doc. Fauna marine species Sharks and manta rays Queen conch Introduction from the sea. The traditional medicinal use of agarwood plant wquilaria has provided clues to their pharmacological properties.
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Citations Publications citing this paper. Isolation and characterisation aquilarix acetylcholinesterase inhibitors from Aquilaria subintegra for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease AD. Literature abstracts and full text articles from journals, books, reports and electronic searches Google Scholar, Elsevier, PubMed, Read Cube, Scopus, Springer, and Web of Scienceas well as from other relevant websites, are surveyed, analysed and included in this review.
Skip to main content. The crude extracts and some of the isolated compounds exhibit anti-allergic, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, anti-cancer, anti-oxidant, anti-ischemic, anti-microbial, hepatoprotective, laxative, and mosquitocidal properties and effects on the central nervous system.
A review of traditional use, phytochemistry and pharmacology.