1 There shall be a President of Ireland (Uachtarán na hÉireann), hereinafter called the President, who shall take precedence over all other persons in the State. Bunreacht na hÉireann. Tá san áireamh na leasuithe a rinneadh ó achtaíodh an Bunreacht i suas go dtí an tAcht um an Tríochadú Leasú ar an. BUNREACHT NA hÉIREANN . There shall be a President of Ireland (Uachtarán na hÉireann), hereinafter called the President, who shall take precedence over.

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President’s official residence Oireachtas, House of This original version as enacted by the people in On 7 June,three proposals were put to the people, the Twenty-first, Twenty-third and the Twenty-fourth Amendments.

In every case in which the President decides that a Bill the subject of a petition under this Article does not contain a proposal of such national importance that the will of the people thereon ought to be ascertained, he shall inform the Taoiseach and the Chairman of each House of the Oireachtas accordingly in writing under his hand and Seal, and such Bill shall be signed by the President not later than eleven days after the date on which the Bill shall have been deemed to have been passed by both Houses of the Oireachtas and shall be duly promulgated by him as a law.

The “Directive Principles” have influenced other constitutions. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. These powers of government are exercisable only by or on the authority of the organs of State established by this Constitution.

This created the anomalous situation that, init was deemed necessary, by means of the Second Amendmentto make changes to Article 56 despite the fact that it was no longer a part of the official text. Major constitutional laws affecting Ireland.

In particular, the Nq recognises that by her life within the home, woman gives to the State a support without which the common good cannot be achieved. Subject to the foregoing provisions of this Constitution relating to the Courts, the following matters shall be regulated in accordance with law, that is to say: There is no Thirty-second Amendment.

Its overall length is approximately 16, words. There is no Twenty-fifth Amendment. Each House shall make its own rules and standing orders, with power to attach penalties for their infringement, and shall have power to ensure freedom of debate, to protect its official documents and the private papers of its members, and to protect itself and its members against any person or persons interfering with, molesting or attempting to corrupt its members in the exercise of their duties.

He also received significant input from The Rt Rev. The State pledges itself to guard with special care the institution of Marriage, on which the Family is founded, and to protect it against attack. The members of each House of the Oireachtas shall, except in case of treason as defined in this Constitution, felony or breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest in going to and returning from, and while within the precincts of, either House, and shall not, in respect of any utterance in either House, be amenable to any court or any authority other than the House itself.

Nothing in this Constitution shall be invoked to invalidate any law enacted by the Oireachtas which is expressed to be for the purpose of securing the public safety and the preservation of the State in time of war or armed rebellion, or to nullify any act done or purporting to be done in time of war or armed rebellion in pursuance of any such law.


The principles of social policy set forth in this Article are intended for the general guidance of the Oireachtas.

The Irish nation hereby affirms its inalienable, indefeasible, and sovereign right to choose its own form of Government, to determine its relations with other nations, and to develop its life, political, bunreact and cultural, in accordance with its own genius and traditions. As originally enacted, the Constitution also included a prohibition on divorce. Afterunder the provisions of the Statute of Westminster, some of the articles of the original Constitution which were required by the Anglo-Irish Treaty were dismantled by acts of the Oireachtas of the Irish Free State.

Related Documents Unconstitutional legislation The High Court has the power to cancel any law or part of any law that is unconstitutional. Bill of Rights History.

Constitution of Ireland (original text)

The State shall not oblige parents in violation of their conscience and lawful heireaann to send their children to schools established by the State, or to any particular type of school designated by the State. Three shall be elected by the University of Dublin. In the case of an hejreann of votes but not otherwise the Chairman shall be entitled to vote. Laws enacted before, but expressed to come into force after, the coming into operation of this Constitution, shall, unless otherwise enacted by the Oireachtas, come into force in accordance with the terms thereof.


A list of the amending Acts is at the front of the Constitution published on irishstatutebook. There shall be a Comptroller and Auditor General to control on behalf of the State all disbursements and to audit all accounts of moneys administered by or under the authority of the Oireachtas. Nineteenth Amendment of the Constitution Act, [Allowed the State to consent to be bound by the British-Irish Agreement done at Belfast on 10 April and provided that certain further amendments to the Constitution, notably to Articles 2 and 3, would come into effect when that agreement entered into force.

The State, therefore, guarantees to protect the Family in its constitution and authority, as the necessary basis of social order and as indispensable to the welfare of the Nation and the State.

The State pledges itself to safeguard with especial care the economic interests of the weaker sections of the community, and, where necessary, to contribute to the support of the infirm, the widow, the orphan, and the aged. Special courts may be established by law for the trial of offences in cases where it may be determined in accordance with such law that the ordinary courts are inadequate to secure p.

ARTICLE 10 1 All natural resources, including the air and all forms of potential energy, within the jurisdiction of the Parliament and Government established by this Constitution and all royalties and franchises within that jurisdiction belong to the State subject to all estates and interests therein for the time being lawfully vested in any person or body.

In this sub-section “time of war” includes a time when there is taking place an armed conflict in which the State is not a participant but in respect of which each of the Houses of the Oireachtas shall have resolved that, arising out of such armed conflict, a national emergency exists affecting the vital interests of the State and “time of war or armed rebel-lion” includes such time after the termination of any war, or of any such armed conflict as aforesaid, or of an armed rebellion, as may elapse until each of the Houses of the Oireachtas shall have resolved that the national emergency occasioned by such war, armed conflict, or armed rebellion has ceased to exist.

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The President exercised most of the usual internal functions of a head of state, such as formally appointing the Government, and promulgating laws. The Constitution is the second constitution of independent Ireland and replaced the Constitution of the Irish Free State.

Constitution of Ireland (original text) – Wikisource, the free online library

It describes its task as being to “complete the programme of constitutional amendments begun by the earlier committees, aimed at renewing the Constitution in all its parts, for implementation over a number of years”. There are a number of instances where the texts in English and Irish clash, a potential dilemma which the Constitution resolves by favouring the Irish text even though English is more commonly used in the official sphere.

The publication or utterance of blasphemous, seditious, or indecent matter is an offence which shall be punishable in accordance with law. For the purpose of the exercise of any executive function of the State in or in connection with its external relations, the Government may to such extent and subject to such conditions, if any, as may be determined by law, avail of or adopt any organ, instrument, or method of procedure used or adopted for the like purpose by the members of any group or league of nations with which the State is or becomes associated for the purpose of international co-operation in matters of common concern.

It is the firm will of the Irish Nation, in harmony and friendship, to unite all the people who share the territory of the island of Ireland, in all the diversity of their identities and traditions, recognising that a united Ireland shall be brought about only by peaceful means with the consent of a majority of the people, democratically expressed, in both jurisdictions in the island.

Humbly acknowledging all our obligations to our Divine Lord, Jesus Christ, Who sustained our fathers through centuries of trial. There is also an independent judiciary headed by the Supreme Court Article Seventeenth Amendment of the Constitution Act, [Provided that the confidentiality of discussions at meetings of the Government would be respected save only where the High Court, in certain specified circumstances, determined that disclosure should be made].

Senate, designation of In other languages Add links. There were two main motivations for replacing the constitution in Freedom of conscience and the free profession and practice of religion are, subject to public order and morality, guaranteed to every citizen. Upon receipt of such notification and of copies of such resolutions, the President shall forthwith, by bunrreacht order under his hand and Nna, remove from office the judge to whom they relate. Every part of the Constitution is hunreacht out in both the Irish and English languages.

This text of the Constitution is a copy of the text enrolled on 27 May, pursuant to Article The State shall favour and, where necessary, supplement private initiative in industry and commerce. Retrieved 6 December