Cnemidocoptes gallinae, the depluming mite, the itch mite: worldwide. Cnemidocoptes mutans, the scaly leg mite: worldwide. Epidermoptes. 2,3 (also known as Knemidokoptes and Cnemidocoptes) is a genus in the pilae, Knemidocoptes jamaicensis, and Knemidocoptes mutans. The scaly-leg mite of poultry has been studied under various names. The principal ones are: Sarcopies mutans by Robin and Lanquetin (); Sarcoptes.

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Also known as umtans, these live in the small intestine. Ornithonyssus sylviarumthe northern fowl mite: The light then prevents any red mite from breeding there. Ornithonyssus bursathe tropical fowl mite: Control of Flies Biol. Northern fowl mites can infest poultry operations through numerous routes. There are also reports on northern fowl mite populations resistant to acaricides. The behave very much like the northern fowl mite, have a similar life-cycle and are as harmful to poultry as northern fowl mites.


Blood lossi. Add comment Close comment form modal. Transmission is by direct contact between the birds.


In very high populations the mites may feed on their hosts also during the day. Retrieved from ” https: Unlike other burrowing mites, that have pediculated suckers, the tarsal portions of Knemidocoptes mites have claw like structures and tactile hairs. The entire life cycle takes place on a single host and takes between 14 and 21 days to complete. A particular feature of tropical fowl mites is that they can cumulate in the nests of wild birds in and around human dwellings.


NADIS hopes that you have found the information in the article useful. If hens are wormed regularly, then the incidence of blackhead is reduced.

Red mite can live for 6 months without feeding and are then grey and very hungry. For diagnosis a a few feathers close to a lesion can be pulled out and examined under the microscope.

MITES of CHICKENS and POULTRY: biology, prevention, non-chemical and chemical control

Insecticide-impregnated plastic strips suspended inside birdcages have also been used successfully against northern fowl mites. Diagnosis is done based on the typical leg deformations and after identification of mites of skin scrappings of the legs.

In the USA it is even more abundant than the red fowl mite. To treat the hut organically, blowlamp carefully into crevices. Affected birds bite themselves vigorously cnemidocootes may pull out their own feathers.

Larvae do not feed and molt to nymphs 1 to 2 days later. Northern Fowl Mite is passed from hen to hen, not as often carried by wild birds as red mite, and the most frequently exhibited birds are at the greatest risk. Keeping all parasites at a low level should be the aim of poultry keepers. Therefore chemical treatment must target the hiding places.


Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic. Toxicity appears very low. Mites leave the host during the day to hide in cracks, crevices and hollow places e.

And individual birds may support several thousand mites without major harm. Citing articles via Google Scholar. Keeping drinkers clean helps prevent transmission and making sure vitamin A levels in winter in dark green leaves are maintained.

Part 4 – External and Internal Parasites of Chickens

Sticky traps can catch a lot of mites but are usually insufficient to control severe mutsns. Bloodsucking poultry mites behave rather like soft ticks.

Mites on the birds are found especially around the beak and the ears, on the breast, back and legs. Once fertilised the female will create a burrow in the upper layers of the epidermis, the larvae will be laid in this burrow and move to the skin surface.