Hälfte des Jahrhunderts in Bologna lebte. Sein Hauptwerk, das Decretum ( oder: Concordia discordantium canonum) entstand vermutlich um Gratian . Law History of canon law. Sources Collections. Compilations. Selections Decretum Gratiani. Concordia discordantium canonum (Gratian, 12th cent.), . Law Law of the Roman Catholic Church. The Holy See Collections. Compilations . Selections Decretum Gratiani. Concordia discordantium canonum (Gratian.

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No attempt has been made to distinquish between opening and closing quotes Some of the text has been enclosed between a minus and a plus sign to denote commentary.

These legalists are known as the decretists. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. In most cases, Gratian did not obtain this material from a direct reading of the sources, but rather through intermediate collections.

Concordia discordantium canonum

There is considerable discussion as to the origin of Gratian’s treatment of Penance De penitentia and his De consecratione. The content appearing on our website is for general information purposes only. VI,” refers to the second part, 33rd cause, question 3, distinction VI, canon 1; “c. Only the Codex Juris Canonici of put it out of use. Gratian found a place in Dante ‘s Paradise among the doctors of the Church: Among the first commentators were paucapalea and Roland Bandinelli, who in became Pope alexander iii.

The harmony of the discordant canons. XI” indicates the first part of the “Decree”. Publication based on this text: For centuries the Decretum was the text on which the teaching of canon law in the schools was based. Editor Richter, Aemilius Ludwig, ed.

[OTA] Concordia discordantium canonum ac primum de iure naturae et constitutionis / Gratianus

He flourished in the mid 12th century. The Decretum Gratianialso known as the Concordia discordantium canonum or Concordantia discordantium canonum or simply as the Decretumis a collection of Canon law compiled and written in the 12th century as a legal textbook by the jurist known as Gratian.


The most important commentators were canohum Rufin of Bologna died before and Huguccio died Gratian himself raises questions and brings forward difficulties, which he answers by quoting auctoritates, i. It has been established that all the texts considered as paleae antedate Gratian.

Retrieved December 31, from Encyclopedia. However there remain a certain number of auctoritates, taken especially from patristic texts, the origin of which has not been determined.

Concordia discordantium canonum – Google Books

Most of the fragments of the Corpus iuris civilis inserted in the Decretum possess the four essential features of the paleae, even though the indication palea is often replaced by the word lex. Systematic commentaries were called Summae. For example causae 2 to 7 constitute an ordo judiciarius; causae 12 to 14 are a treatise on temporal goods of the Church and of the clergy; causae 16 to 20 present a section on monks; and causae 27 to 36 constitute a treatise on Matrimony.

II” refers to the third part, distinction II, canon 8; “c. The Roman revisers of the 16th century —82 corrected the text of the “Decree” and added many critical notes designated by the words Correctores Romani.

Small means increase by concord and litigations cwnonum opulence. Other sources are known to have been used in the composition of particular sections of the Decretum:. In old English law. Retrieved from ” https: Research by Anders Winroth established that some manuscripts of an early version of Gratian’s text, which differs considerably from the mainstream textual tradition, have survived. It was glossed and commented on by the most illustrious canonists; it became the first part of the Corpus Juris Canonici, the great body of canon law; and it served as an important source for the official codification of canon law in discordamtium its discordamtium in As late asscholars commonly set the date of completion atbut this accuracy in dating isn’t possible after Anders Winroth’s groundbreaking scholarship.


A study of the manuscripts has revealed numerous anomalies in the transcription of these two treatises, with the De penitentia appearing in some ancient manuscripts as an addition. For a long time he was believed discoedantium have been born at the end of the 11th century, at Chiusi in Tuscany.

All information cznonum on our site is available on an “AS-IS” basis. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. The second part is composed of 36 causae, which in turn are divided into a certain number of quaestiones.

It is to be noted that many auctoritates have been inserted in the “Decretum” by authors of a later date. Little else is known about him.

Both treatises, and particularly the one on Penance, differ noticeably from the rest of the work. The Decretum of Gratian was composed in the first half of the 12th century by a Camaldolese monk about whom there exists no precise information, except that he cincordia born in Chiusi and resided in the monastery of SS.

Moreover, small collections of paleae used to complete the Decretum were found in certain manuscripts dating from the end of the 12th and early 13th centuries.