[1] Grupul de Economie Aplicată (GEA), , Manual de evaluare a competitivității regionale, București, p. 5. Local economical development principles. Manual de supravie_uire si crestere a firmelor în condi_iile economiei de pia_a, Grupul de Economie Aplicata(GEA- The Applied Economy Group), Manual de . Matematică aplicată în economie: manual de studiu individual by Tatiana Corina Dosescu(Book) 1 edition published in in Romanian and held by 2.

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Often, clusters are extending to different downstream channels and customers and laterally to manufacturers of complementary products and to the industries related by skills, technologies or common inputs.

Once resources are exhausted and the work force revolts, industries relocate themselves. Thus, a possible cluster was located in the ceramics industry in Alba County and another one in the software production in Bucharest.

LTIS – CATEDRA DE ȘTIINȚE SOCIO-UMANE | Category | Manuale Scolare

Boudeville demonstrated that regional growth pole has a large number of development sectors, located in urban areas and which are able to generate increased economic activity around the entire area of influence. Mznual the study it was identified the existence of three incipient clusters, in Romania.

Basically, the common point which links them are the concepts which occur in these theories, such as: Clusters represent an important instrument for promoting industrial development, innovation, competitiveness and economic growth.

Government policies should be oriented towards supporting the development of existing clusters or in training, rather than towards the creation of new clusters.

Competitiveness of Romania’s South-East Region in the European Context

Indeed, clusters are developing their full potential when they are able to take full advantage of interdependence in order to bid on additional activities, creating synergies that could lead to a common increase of the whole sector and benefiting all participants in the cluster. It is known that technology and innovation do not develop in isolated organizations, but in open environments, where there is interaction between competent individuals of different organizations.

These separate units are called growth poles and they can be large companies, industrial sites, important elements of infrastructure port, airport, motorway that by their mere presence attract a lot of other activities or even an urban pole with its own activity. In the three countries there are two types of cluster support schemes: Opportunities to structure mnual clusters exist in other geographical areas of Romania.


It is worth noting that once the specificity is Timis County manula also given by the high level of Italian investment in aplkcata area; they manuql the principle of the industrial district, the Italian model of cluster.

Using statistical data econmie recently by the European Cluster Observatoryour paper aims at revealing the fact that clusters are linked to prosperity and that it exists a necessity to consider them as a central part of each economic strategy for the European Union member states. Apoicata, some clusters include governmental and other institutions – such as universities, standards agencies, think tanks, vocational training providers and employers – to provide specialized training, education, information, research and technical support Porter, a Porter, b.

A business cluster is a group, a cluster of organizations with a competitive nature in a target market. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link.

Sebastian Văduva – cărţi, carte

Vertically integrated clusters exist in automobile industry supplier- manufacturer relationshipchemicals, clothing, hardware, furniture, and the horizontal ones in the light industry clothing, shoes fashion, media, software, bio – tech. Established priority areas and their quotes are: Between cluster members there must be mutual trust, and they must share the same objectives and priorities so as to be able to reach an overall coordination in a multi-level context.

Industrial or commercial specialization, diversification, innovation and improving quality and interrelationship between companies operating in a region, or their complementary characteristics, are traits that distinguish a pure agglomeration from an industrial cluster.

The English cluster means bunch, bouquet, group. O1, O3, R1, R5 1. Current Trends of the Regional Development Policy in the European … Each pole of competitiveness has its own legal personality, often form an association.

If, at the beginning, the effort to develop clusters belonged to private persons and companies, nowadays, the actors involved in their development are the governments and public institutions of national or regional level. Perroux Francois1 has developed the concept of growth poles growth pole strategy that economic increase manifests itself in growth poles which are located in urban areas, affecting both regional development and the wider economy.


In Sweden, The European Cluster Observatory has noted the existence of Swedish clusters, already highlighting one of their weaknesses, namely excessive fragmentation. During the project aimed to conduct an analysis of existing potential of clusters in the partner countries in Central and Eastern Europe and then to assist these countries in developing the cluster, using the experience ecknomie know – how from Italy and Austria.

Cluster theory, launched by Michael E.

There are many definitions of clusters, different from each other and a wide typology of clusters in all industry. He offered a definition of competitive agglomeration clusterstaken as a standard option by most of the literature on this topic: In Timis county it was identified a strong cluster in automotive, in the AutomotiVest company.

Development of automotive components sector in the Western Region was conducted by both local specialized societies, and by attracting foreign investors. He argues the need for stronger industrial ties between the competitive sectors, so that the participation in international competition to lead to growth effects for the national prosperity.

A region may become vulnerable if held portfolio of clusters is too concentrated.

Dosescu, Tatiana Corina

The European Cluster Memorandum, http: Marshall, Hoover, Perroux, Chimitz and Mills. Location theory justifies its importance: Economle the translation of the verb cluster, that means to gather in one place, to group after a criterion, we get to the definition of the concept given by Porter, namely, cluster apljcata a geographical concentration of companies that are competing, but also cooperating, the suppliers of goods and services and their associated institutions.

They are rooted in the existence of specialized suppliers for certain goods, services which are shared by many other companies in that areain the existence of a local market labour which facilitates the transfer of workers from one firm to another manusl some of them to increase productionof the diffusion of information and innovation.