The Spanish coup d’état attempt known in Spain by the numeronym F and also known As planned, the coup would require Tejero and General Jaime Milans del Bosch as its principal instigators, .. and Keystones of the Assault on Congress (El Golpe: Anatomía y Claves Del Asalto Al Congreso) by Busquets. – Buy F: El Golpe Del Cesid book online at best prices in India on Read F: El Golpe Del Cesid book reviews & author details and. Un civil y 32 militares fueron procesados por el intento de golpe de Estado Paradójicamente, el entonces comandante del Cesid José Luis.

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Spanish coup d’état attempt – Wikipedia

It has been alleged [11] [13] [14] [15] [16] that during a lunch break in the F trial, and after being subjected to a particularly intense grilling session by the prosecutor, Cortina grabbed a phone and was heard saying: Its leader, Lieutenant-Colonel Antonio Tejerowas sentenced to seven months in prison. Well far from it: El Golpe Ddel Nunca Existio.

Several TVE bolpe and technicians filmed almost half an hour of the event, providing the world with an audiovisual record of the attempted coup which would be broadcast several hours after it ended. As such, the date is sometimes remembered as “the Night of Transistor Radios” La noche de los transistores.

Constructing democracy in Southern Europe: From 2 February to 4 February, the King and Queen traveled to Guernicawhere the deputies of Cssid separatist party Herri Batasuna received them with boos and hisses and various incidents.

Date February Location Madrid and Valencia. The officers held the parliamentarians and ministers hostage for 18 hours, during which time King Juan Carlos I denounced the coup in a televised address, calling for rule of law and the democratic government to continue. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Margaret Thatcherprime minister of the UK, called the coup a “terrorist act. The prosecutor’s questioning allegedly lost a great deal of intensity when court resumed after the lunch break, and Cortina was finally acquitted.

One of the assailants ordered, “Mr.

El Golpe del Cesid (Spanish, Hardcover)

King Cesod Carlos refused to endorse the coup. He also noted the attitude of the President of the autonomous government of CataloniaJordi Pujolwho just before Arriving at the Zarzuela Palacethe royal residence, Armada offered the monarch a trade-off: An armored convoy was dispatched to the Manises airbase in order to convince the commander there to support the coup; however, the Colonel of the 11th Wing in charge of the base not only refused to comply, he threatened to deploy two fighter jets armed with air-to-ground missiles which he claimed to have standing by with their engines running cesld the tanks sent by Milans del Bosch, thereby forcing the latter to withdraw.


The first signs of unease in the army appeared in April The government then dismissed various police chiefs, while in the Interior Ministry there were resignations in solidarity with the torturers.

Views Read Edit View history. Archived from the original PDF on 4 March The coup was vehemently condemned by member countries of the EECespecially since Spain was in preliminary negotiations for membership eventually joining in Plenary Hall of the Congress of Deputies lower house of the Spanish legislaturein Madridwhere a group of Civil Guards, led by Antonio Tejeroburst in violently.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. El Asesinato de Carrero”.

The monarch, after protracted discussions with colleagues, was convinced of his military leaders’ loyalty cwsid himself and the Constitution. Shortly afterward, five of the parliament’s deputies were separated from the rest: The bloodless yet apparently chaotic unravelling of the coup, the plethora of unanswered questions as to its unfolding, the staunch monarchist allegiance of two main golpw Armada and Milans del Bosch and the King’s lengthy absence before he finally made a late-night public television address have fueled skepticism and conspiracy theories during the Campamento trial and have remained active ever since.

The coup attempt was linked to the Spanish transition to democracy.

Los que quedan del golpe

In the long term, the coup’s failure could be considered the last serious attempt by adherents to Francoist ideology to destroy Spain’s future as a democracy and implement their fascist totalitarian designs on the nation.

In the face of these exceptional circumstances, I ask for your serenity and trust, and I hereby inform you that I have given the Captains General of the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force the following order: Moreover, members of the private radio station SER continued their live broadcast with open microphones from within the Congress of Deputies, which meant that the general public was able to follow along by radio as events unfolded.

Webarchive template wayback links Articles with Spanish-language external links CS1 maint: From my fatherwho was in Estoril — and was also very surprised to be able to contact me by phone — edl my two sisters in Madrid and from friendly heads of State who encouraged me to resist.


After several minutes, all the Cesi retook ceskd assigned congressional seats. Gollpe Crown, symbol of the permanence and unity of the nation, will not tolerate, in any degree whatsoever, the actions or behavior of anyone attempting through use of force to interrupt the democratic process of the Constitution, which the Spanish People approved by vote in referendum.

Meanwhile, another insurgent general, Torres Rojasfailed in his attempt to oust General Juste in the Brunete division of the military, resulting in Torres Rojas having to abandon his plan to take control of certain key strategic points in Madrid, including State radio and television headquarters and, therefore, firsthand control of the information as events unfolded.

The revolt, known as Operation Turiawas considered key if other military regions were to become involved in the coup. The most immediate consequence was that, as an institution, the Monarchy emerged from the cesidd coup with overwhelming legitimacy in the eyes of ell public and the political class. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

On 10 February, Leopoldo Calvo Sotelo was named candidate for prime minister. In the face of these exceptional circumstances, I ask for your serenity and trust, and I hereby inform you that I have given the Captains General of the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force the following order:. Retrieved 24 February Retrieved 5 October Archived from the original PDF on 13 May Originally, Armada, one of the coup’s conspirators, had advocated a “milder” course of action, which he then proceeded to implement.

The deputies were freed that morning.

Police snipers took their places on rooftops, military marches were played on loudspeakers and a curfew was imposed on the citizens. The extent of any civilian involvement in planning the coup has never been thoroughly investigated [ citation needed ]. These theories cast doubt on the sincerity of the King’s defense of democracy and qualify the coup as an example of cesif realpolitik taken to the next level.

In essence, this version of events alleges that the coup itself was orchestrated by the Spanish Secret Services in connivance with the King and the Royal House as well as representatives of the major cesic parties and mainstream media, among others.