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Christianity did not bring a encgklika of social revolution like that of the ill-fated Spartacus, whose struggle led to so much bloodshed. God is justice and creates justice.

Encyklika Spe Salvi: O nadziei chrzescijanskiej: : Benedykt XVI: Books

Even the best structures function only when the community is animated by convictions capable of motivating people to assent freely to the social order. What else might occur? For this I am deeply grateful to him, and as his brother in Christ Savli have taken up his fine work and added a few contributions of my own.

Only in truth does charity shine forthonly in truth can charity be authentically lived. If we cannot hope for more than is effectively attainable at any given time, or more than is promised by political or economic authorities, our lives will soon be without hope.

This applies even in terms of this present world. In this phrase we see in no uncertain terms the point Paul was making.

On the strength of his hope, Augustine dedicated himself completely to the ordinary people and to his city—renouncing his spiritual nobility, he preached and acted in a simple way for simple people. In promoting development, the Christian faith does not rely on privilege or positions of power, nor even on the merits of Christians even though these existed and continue to exist alongside their natural limitations [44]but only on Christ, to whom every authentic vocation to integral human development must be directed.


He needs the certainty which makes him say: It is true that the export of investments and skills can benefit the populations of the receiving country. Those countries lack the economic means either to gain access to existing sources of non-renewable energy or to finance research into new alternatives.

Every violation of solidarity and civic friendship harms the environment, just as environmental deterioration in turn upsets relations in society.


Ubi societas, ibi ius: He forgot man and he forgot man’s freedom. It would be wrong to uphold one set of duties while trampling on the other. The Trinity is absolute unity insofar as the three divine Persons are pure relationality.

It is significant that some of the causes of this situation were identified in Populorum Progressiosuch as the high tariffs imposed by economically developed countries, which still make it difficult for the products of poor countries to gain a foothold in the markets of rich countries. When this happens, humanity runs new risks of enslavement and manipulation. Without truth, charity is confined to a narrow field devoid of relations.

First, one may observe a cultural eclecticism that is often assumed uncritically: Only God is able to do this: Again, we find ourselves facing the question: Hence it is important to call for a renewed reflection on how rights presuppose duties, if they are not to become mere licence [].

For this reason the Church searches for truth, proclaims it tirelessly and recognizes it wherever it is manifested. She understood what Paul meant when he reminded the Ephesians that previously they were without hope and without God in the world—without hope because without God. In the same vein he says to the Thessalonians: Hence in all human suffering we are joined by one who experiences and carries that suffering with us; hence con-solatio is present in all suffering, the consolation of God’s compassionate love—and so the star of hope rises.


When the State promotes, teaches, or salvk imposes forms of practical atheism, it deprives its citizens of the moral and spiritual strength that is indispensable for attaining integral human development and it impedes them from moving forward with renewed dynamism enccyklika they strive to offer a more generous human response to divine love [71].

Encykliki Benedykta XVI Pakiet

Morally responsible openness to life represents a rich social and economic resource. At the same time, in some poor countries, cultural models and social norms of behaviour persist which hinder the process of development. It is a looking-forward in Christ’s presence, with Christ who is present, to the perfecting of his Body, to his definitive coming.

He also tells us that revolutions can accelerate this transition from ecclesiastical faith to rational faith.

He simply presumed that with the expropriation of the ruling class, with the fall of political power and the socialization of means of production, the new Jerusalem would be realized.

Without truth, it is easy to fall into an empiricist and sceptical view of life, incapable of rising to the level of praxis because of a lack of interest in grasping the values — sometimes even the meanings — with which to judge and direct it.