ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Erythrina velutina is traditionally used for sleepiness, convulsions and nervous system excitation. Braz J Med Biol Res. Feb;39(2) Epub Feb 2. Effect of Erythrina velutina and Erythrina mulungu in rats submitted to animal models of anxiety. PDF | Four new Erythrinan alkaloids () were isolated from the seeds of Erythrina velutina. The structures of these new compounds were.

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Anatomy and ontogeny of the pericarp of Pterodon emarginatus Vogel Fabaceae, Faboideaewith emphasis on secretory ducts.

Close-up of the flowers Photograph by: If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. The presence of secretory cavities in the stem and leaf, types of trichomes and stomata, its location and distribution in the leaf epidermis constitute diagnostic-characters that are important for an accurate and safe identification for E.

The phenolic compounds are heterogeneous groups of substances erythrin are present in almost all plants, inside the vacuole, cytoplasm or consisting the wall cell Fahn References Almeida EE Secretory tissues in plants.

Metcalfe CR, Chalk L Henry Nicholas Ridley described Erythrina aurantiaca as a species from Fernando de Noronha off egythrina northeastern coast of Brazil, but this tree is now seen as only a form of E.

The vascular bundles, in the lower caliber leaf vein region of the show sheath extensions in the direction of the adaxial surface and fiber cap on the xylem and the phloem Figure 6c.

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Kuntze Erythrina aculeatissima Desf. Plantas medicinais no Brasil: The color absence was performed by a control Figure 7h. Plantas medicinais e seus constituintes bioativos: Views View Edit History. The leaf-blade, in front view, epidermis with predominance of branched and glandular trichomes and paracytic and anisocytic stomata on both surfaces Figure 5a-d.

It was reviewed on 24 August by FlickreviewR and was confirmed to be licensed under the terms of the cc-by In the region of the phloem, the secretory structures have various sizes Figure 3d.

Erythrina velutina – Wikipedia

The secondary growth is evidenced by the presence of phellogen in the cortex Figure 3a and vascular cambium in the central cylinder. We also thank Leonardo dos Santos Costa for the sampling and photos of the species. Histochemical tests indicated the presence of phytoconstituents of lipid droplets, alkaloids and phenolic substances in stem and in leaf of E. Prismatic crystals are present inside the uniseriate layer of cells veljtina involve the fibre cap around the vascular bundles on the mesophyll interior.

Erythrina velutina

In BrisbaneAustralia. Kuntze Erythrina aculeatissima Desf.

Styloid and prismatic crystals Figure 2b are seen inside of subepidermal cells and in cortical parenchyma. The stomata density on the ertthrina surface was Flowering branch Photograph by: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

File:Erythrina velutina – Wikimedia Commons

The thorny trunk Photograph by: Alkaloids is present in parenchyma cells and secretory cavities Figure 7bin glandular and tector trichomes Figure 7d and in capitate glandular trichome Figure 7g. J Nat Prod The structural characterization of the stem and leaf allows its distinction from other ones of this genus, ensuring safety for commercial pharmacological uses, allowing certification of the authenticity of raw material.

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In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. The stem bark is smooth to slightly rough. Anatomia das Plantas com sementes.

Microscopic features Anatomical description of the stem In cross-sectional view, the young stem presents a cylindrical contour Figure 2a with a layered epidermis coating, covered by thickened cuticle Figure 2b. The vascular bundle is collateral closed, with angular collenchyma over and under the veins.

Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. Randau I ; Luiz A. The leaf is ternate with an obtuse apex and symmetrical base.

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Description Erythrina velutina flower. Swallow-tailed Hummingbird Eupetomena macroura taking nectar from the flowers Photograph by: This file contains additional information such as Exif metadata which may have been added by the digital camera, scanner, or software program used to create or digitize it. MMBS MSc student and ASCOS undergraduate student contributed in plant sample identification, confection of erythrlna, running the laboratory work, analysis of the data and drafted the paper.