Peirce’s “The Fixation of Belief”. The purpose of inquiry is to move from doubt to belief. Belief is a mental state in which there is no doubt. A belief may cease to. against the grain of recent scholarship on the philosophy of Charles Sanders Peirce. First, it argues that Peirce’s “The Fixation of. Belief” is not to be understood. 0 Fixation of Belief 1 Humans are introduced to knowledge through authority and experiences of past generations, and through reasoning, one can grasp the.

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Yet, tracing back an idea to its sensory origins or — in the language of logical positivism — to observational sentences, is far from a simple matter and, in fact, involves a process of inference or derivation wherefrom questionable metaphysical assumptions can hardly be eliminated.

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Even in cases where beliefs belonging to this belief-system have been critically examined by the person, who realizes that some of them require modification or abandonment, the person is unable to achieve this by her own means. Yet, due to their different degree of entrenchment, the ease with which they can be beliff may vary considerably.

This can be only ensured if one allows oneself doubting given beliefs and replacing them by other, better ones. For this purpose, it employs universal methodological procedures that allegedly lead to the same conclusion, whatever the internal or subjective stand of the investigators.


A 14 years-old psychotic boy is brought by his parents to a family therapy session. Collins, Harry and Pinch, Trevor.

In addition to not being impossible, de-fixation is not only in the grip of powerful opposed motives, for there are also strong tendencies that support it.

Her immediate reaction to this information was to recall that her mother used to pinch her in order to quiet her hyperactivity. Doubt alone is certainly not enough to shake them; but neither strong empirical counter-evidence nor logical demonstration is sufficient.

Arguing against this presumption can move in either of two directions: In this way, it provides foolproof grounds to fixate certain beliefs.

C. S. Peirce, The Fixation of Belief – PhilPapers

In conformity with our different — but complementary — professional backgrounds, we will address these questions from a philosophical and from a psychotherapeutic point of view.

Bryce Huebner – – Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 1: And he decided to fight. Fixation of Belief – Peirce. By this we refer to what is oeirce indeed a fact of life, namely the need we have, hic et nuncto rely upon reasonably stable beliefs.

Therapeutic Change in Rigid Family Systems. This article has no associated abstract. That is to say, if then the judgment must be according to the statute; if it be not specified by lf statute, then the custom in such cases is to be followed: Since presumptions do not involve infallibility, this observation might be taken as a reason not for non-presumption, but for presuming non-fixation.

Language is a paradigm case of a system defined by a set of rigorous constraints coupled with the possibility to rendering it more flexible by circumventing the very constraints that constitute it. A curious dialectics is thus put in place: Her anxiety grew when John became her lover, so that she felt she could not give up this relationship either.


Charles S. Peirce: constructing beliefs

In a community that uses a priori method, the individuals will share thoughts rationally and the idea of human universality arises, while in a method of authority, an individual or an institution decides what belief should the community live by.

The Fixation of Belief and Its Undoing. He criticizes the first three and, although ironically pointing out helief advantages they may have for certain purposes, retains the fourth as the only truly rational method for establishing the beliefs one should hold. Pierce stated that the method of authority has no relation to reasoning, as all knowledge is derived from authority alone.

De-fixation of Belief

Peirce Society 17 2: In order to enable re-framing, it is necessary to create conditions such that the possibility and impact of novelty can be acknowledged as such and put to use in leading to the emergence of new perspectives, alternatives, or evaluations. Cambridge University Press, pp.

For a discussion of this kind of relativism, see M. De-fixation, thus, must be not only logically and epistemically grounded: