Buy Jihad: The Trail of Political Islam Revised edition by Gilles Kepel (ISBN: ) from Amazon’s Book Store. Everyday low prices and free delivery. “Gilles Kepel’s landmark book provides an in-depth history and compelling Perhaps the most definitive is Gilles Kepel’s Jihad: The Trail of Political Islam. Jihad. The Trail of Political Islam. Gilles Kepel Fluent in Arabic, Gilles Kepel has traveled throughout the Muslim world gathering documents, interviews, and.

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To jslam short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above. This is dark terrain, encrusted with violence, but Kepel deals with it coldly and carefully. That was the task of militant Islam, and there were plenty of militant Islamists in place, many of them teachers and students who were already active, preaching and ministering in working-class — and hittiste — neighbourhoods.

And during the rest jibad the decade, when the expatriate workers themselves went home, to Cairo, or Amman, or Rabat, or Khartoum, or Karachi, they were equipped not only with a Wahhabite perspective on the world but with a generous wad of earnings that vouched for its earthly rewards.

The FIS introduced separate bathing in the resorts it controlled and put pressure on video kiosks and alcohol traders to close down. It allowed the Kingdom to identify itself both morally and financially with the Afghan resistance and thus to counter the oolitical posed by the Ayatollah.

After years of uncertainty and persecution dating back to the s, the Brothers were on the rise. So what went wrong?

So devastating and unexpected was the September 11th attack on America that many people concluded that Islamic extremism had become a threat of monstrous and mushrooming proportions. Kepel prefers to take the broad schematic view, whence his constant reference, country by country, to the young urban poor and the disenchanted middle class, the wary partners who must dance at the same fire if government according to the will of God is to come about.

Again, the Army did the business. Kepel grounds his argument in a sophisticated analysis of inter-Muslim relations. Under socialism, the joke ran, there is no unemployment.

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The Great Unleashing

There would eventually be demonstrations by radicalised Iranian pilgrims in Mecca. We have never been sufficiently aware that the primary architects of the Islamic revolt against the West have regarded their struggle as a tool for gaining power over fellow Muslims.

High keppel rates in the latter part of the century; unmanageable levels of movement off the land; a post-Independence nationalist model that has failed trrail or less badly; a dispossessed urban poor with high expectations nourished by education: Kepel’s approach is not without weaknesses—in many places around the globe, fundamentalist political Islam has transformed society and politics, even if Islamists have not been able to attain political rule.

International prestige was accompanied by a surge in oil revenues. This imprecise notion, with which the FIS exposed a substantial sector of the urban middle class to the wrath of the hittistes, was — not unreasonably — construed as a threat.

September 11 gave him a new framework, if he sees that event in a way that will surprise and please many who have lately been trying to comprehend the meaning of Islamic politics… An usual commentator on recent events, Professor Kepel is a messenger carrying good news. Contact us for rights and issues inquiries.

He lives in France. What he means is that there might not have been a putsch had the FIS cultivated the secular middle class and reined in the villes.

In a sense the rest of the story is about how they, and their comrades who remained in Afghanistan, chose to press home their disadvantage. By the time some of these knights errant began to silam up with the Islamist remnants — in Algeria, for instance — the potential for a mass movement in any of the countries concerned had ceased to exist.

Despite some outpourings of support, he believes, Osama bin Laden and his followers squandered much of the movement’s political capital with its attacks on American institutions, most notably the World Trade Center. The FIS was about to be dismantled.

Jeremy Harding reviews ‘Jihad’ by Gilles Kepel, translated by Anthony F. Roberts · LRB 25 July

On their own, however, they could not mount a coherent political challenge to the FLN. The GIA rejected all compromise. Yet one of the lessons of this book is that wealthy, conservative Islamism of the kind that puts its oil revenues about, along with its theology, can do as much as a Shah or an entrenched party kepdl independence to inspire its radical counterpart.

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Both types, unfortunately, tend to have jhad grand plan: His nonsense books, mo …. The recurring motifs in all this are the failure of the nationalist project and the shifting fortunes of Saudi Arabia, a regime with missionary pretensions in the Muslim world which had been challenged from the s onwards by developments in Egypt and other parts of the Middle East.

Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. Join Our Mailing List: After an initial triumph with the Islamic revolution in Iran, the movement waged jihad against the USSR in Jiihad, proclaiming for the first time a doctrine of extreme violence. Whence, too, the mayhem that followed the cancellation of the Algerian elections in and the abolition of the FIS — vastly more destructive, vastly more pathological than the al-Qaida attacks on the Gilels.

So if the story really was about to end inhow is it that the fury of the Arab veterans in Afghanistan — a fury brought on by the CIA funding cut-off and oplitical Gulf War — became a megalomaniac elation? He is also a master of narrative, a political bloodhound who can follow a trail back to its source, drawing dutiful attention to the vehement little detail that confirms his overarching thesis or sets one or poltical of his accounts at odds with it.

Gilles Kepel argues that the attack can only be understood in the light of the rise and fall of political Islam, or Islamism as he calls it, over the past quarter-century.

By the end of the s, the failure to seize political power elsewhere led to a split: Most recently, the Taliban, a kind of non-government installed by Pakistan, would be bombed out of business trakl Afghanistan.

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