WHEN AFFIRMATIVE ACTION WAS WHITE An Untold History of Racial Inequality in Twentieth-Century America. By Ira Katznelson. pp. When Affirmative Action Was White has ratings and 81 reviews. ” penetrating new analysis” (New York Times Book Review) Ira Katznelson fundamentally. When Affirmative Action Was White: An Untold History of Racial Inequality in One can speculate that Ira Katznelson has been listening to some version of this .

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Feb 18, Marcella Wigg rated it really liked it Shelves: A more complex framework would consider the interaction between government policy and the northern migration of blacks in the middle years of the twentieth century.

The damage to racial equity caused by each kkatznelson was immense. To see that chasing a solution through government force simply leaves more problems in the wake?

Some of it was by design exclusion of farm workers and domestic. According to Katznelson, Taft-Hartley not only placated the labor movement in the South, but it also decoupled the burgeoning connections between civil rights agitation and demands for economic equality.

This book, to me, is overwhelmingly an argument for affirnative liberal principles.

This book was underwhelming. Private terror combined with public law and enforcement to make this political system authentically totalitarian.

In fact, it’s startling whsn racially targeted isolating those two industries was. When Affirmative Action Was White demonstrates that all the key programs passed during the New Deal and Fair Deal era of the s and s were created in a deeply discriminatory manner.

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They were successful by keeping the various reform bills Fair labor standards act and national labor relations act from improving working condition Pretty interesting, Katznelson makes the case that legislators and government administrators worked to keep the 20th century’s social welfare programs from helping blacks in America.

We are the only project in the UK providing access to an international network of more than historians with a broad range of expertise. At the very moment a wide array of public policies were providing most white Americans with valuable tools to insure their old age, get good jobs, acquire economic security, build assets, and gain middle-class status, black Americans were mainly left to fend on their own. There is one cure for the aforementioned historical amnesia: Obviously, this violates basic norms of fairness.

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When Affirmative Action Was White

Books of the Week. And instead of seeing it as a leg up for minorities, Katznelson argues that the prehistory of affirmative action was supported by Southern Democrats who were actually devoted to preserving a strict racial hierarchy, and that the resulting legislation was explicitly designed for the majority: This allowed racial inequality not just to continue but caused it to become worse after the s and 40s.

Jan 31, Nikhil rated it it was ok Shelves: This text may be useful to individuals who have limited knowledge of New Deal legislative history e.

The Republicans did not. Call it the difference between red states and blue states, the suburbs and the city, or white individuals and black individuals; many Americans simply disagree over how the United States should remember and interpret the social revolutions of the s and early s.

This tie between past action and present policy has to be strong and precise. How did these local officials behave? What tools did they use to discourage Black enrollment?

It also traces how inequality, in fact, increased at the insistence of southern representatives in Congress, while their other congressional colleagues were complicit.

The central reason, according to Katznelson, was because Democratic leaders needed the support of southern representatives in Congress to pass their ambitious legislative programs.

When affirmative action was white | History and Policy

The title was intriguing to me. It also shows how affirmative action, which has become so synonymous with African American life was never so at its hwite. Benefits for veterans were administered locally and the GI Bill was adapted to ‘the southern way of life’ by accommodating to segregation in higher education, to the job ceilings local officials imposed on returning black soldiers who came home from a segregated army, and to an unwillingness to offer loans to blacks even when they were insured by the federal government.

Despite the prosperity of postwar capitalism’s golden age, an already immense gap between white and black Americans widened. A closely-targeted program of rectification would search for identifiable individuals who have been harmed, even at the distance of one or two generations, by the pattern of exclusions and local administration, which have been documented in the book, When Affirmative Action was White.

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Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Desmond King, Separate and Unequal: But this is disagreement over the semantics of what wheh define as affirmative action. Similar processes repeated themselves throughout the next 2 decades.

Through mechanisms designed by Southern Democrats that specifically excluded maids and farm workers, the gap between blacks and whites actually widened despite postwar prosperity. It seems ironic, against this backdrop, that Katznelson devotes only a single actiom to the social upheavals that undermined Johnson’s expansive vision for affirmative action during the s and s. This was AA for whites.

In this “penetrating new analysis” New York Times Book Review Ira Katznelson fundamentally recasts our understanding of twentieth-century American history and demonstrates that all the key programs passed during the New Deal and Fair Deal era of the s and s were created in a deeply discriminatory manner. A focus on the policies about welfare and work, as well as war and postwar, which the southern wing of the Democratic Party wwas imposed during the New Deal kra Fair Deal is consistent with this requirement.

But under affirmative action, they are compensated not for being black, affirmtaive only because they were subject to unfair treatment at an earlier moment because they were black. I think calling it affirmative action, then as now, obscures the reality of what it really is. The past four decades have not been kind to this vision.

A lot of things were said over and over in a different manner but the point was made clear. Katzmann goes on to explain that a series of labor strikes, climaxing katznekson resulted in a Republican takeover of congress by a slim majority.