Princess Juliana Anicia (), daughter of the Anicius Olybrius, Emperor of the is available in facsimile and is now referred to as the Juliana Anicia Codex . PDF | The Greek pharmacopeia of Pedanius Dioscorides (20–70 CE), entitled Peri Ylis Ialikis (latinized as De Materia Medica, On Medical. Ancient Greek Illustrated Dioscoridean Herbals: Origins and Impact of the Juliana Anicia Codex and the Codex Neopolitanus. Article (PDF.

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The aniciw was created in about AD in the Byzantine Eastern Roman Empire’s capital, Constantinoplefor a resident byzantine imperial princess, Anicia Julianathe daughter of Anicius Olybriuswho had been one of the last of the Western Roman Emperors.

The artist seems to have based his work on illustrations from the Rhizotomicon of Crateuas of Pergamon 1st century B. Many treatments considered acceptable two thousand years ago are useless or harmful.

The reader may wish to refer to Greek, Latin, or other versions: However Dioscorides achieved overwhelming commendation and approval because his writings addressed the many ills of mankind most usefully. Pliny is less systematic and more credulous codxe Dioscorides.

I wonder julinaa the Dioscurides rank in comparison to Galen and Hippocrates in terms of practical use though. The leaves, pounded into small pieces with honey and applied, clean ulcers that spread. A personification of “Gratitude of the Arts” kneels at the princess’s feet as a putto presents a manuscript to her.

Hosted by The University of Iowa Libraries. He also prescribed a rose hip decoction against hemoptysis. And since it’s very lovely I thought – now could be the perfect opportunity to show some of this very early Byzantine manuscript illumination: The juliaana, owing to its age, is in a bad state, being externally so worm-eaten that scarcely any one, if he saw if lying in the road, would bother to pick it up.

The oldest known manuscript of his work is the Juliana Anicia Codex ca.


Anicia Juliana

It expels the menstrual flow, is an abortifacient, induces the flow of urine, and frees coex from griping, relieving old coughs. The Greeks associated the rose with Aphrodite, the Graces, and the Muses.

The notes in Arabic add a wonderful extra historicity to the pages – and it is amazing how fresh they look after 1. The mandrake root he is looking at is held by the personification of Epinoia the power of thought. It is an important and rare example of a late antique scientific text. The ornate basilica of St. I shall not cease to urge the Emperor to ransom so noble an author from such slavery. Anicia and her attendants are enclosed within an eight-point star within a circle all formed of intertwined rope.

He compiled an extensive listing of medicinal herbs and their virtues in about 70 A. This particularly applies to the abortifacients mentioned in the manuscript, most of which contain toxins considered dangerous in the required doses. It is one of the earliest surviving relatively complete codices of a scientific or medical text, one of the earliest relatively complete illustrated codices on any medical or scientific subject, and arguably the most beautiful of the earliest surviving scientific codices.

Cultivated and wild carrots from the Juliana Anicia Codex of Staphylinos Keras The cultivated carrot Staphylinos Agrios The wild carrot, but appears to be a primitive type of cultivated carrot Gingidion The wild carrot Daucus gingidium. The JAC contains paintings of plants including many horticultural crops, many of which can still be recognized in modern day examples.

File:Kestron fol v Juliana Anicia Codex – Betonica – Wikimedia Commons

The illustrations fall into two groups. Dioscorides also recommended the Arum root as an expectorant.

Eudocia the empress, eager to honor God, first built here a temple of Polyektos the servant of God. The third book has 24 birds arranged in a grid on a full-page miniature see illustration above. Dioscorides also mentioned its use as an aphrodisiac. A busy Roman official, Pliny was also a prolific author, though only the thirty-seven books of his Historia Naturalis survived. This image is part of the oldest extant copy of “De Materia Medica,” an herbal that was commissioned as a token of thanks to the Byzantine princess Anicia Juliana for funding a church consecration.


What Vienna Dioscurides or Dioscorides means is that it is a book written by one Dioscorides that is now jkliana in Vienna. The series of frontispieces in the manuscript begins with two full-page miniatures, each having a group of seven noted pharmacologists.

Vienna Dioscurides – Wikipedia

I have not attempted to make the text uniform, and though I have included some sixteenth-century and Linnaean names, many do not indicate current usage. The genus of this herb was originally named Chironia after Julian, a centaur of Greek mythology who was famous for his knowledge of jupiana plants.

A learned physician, he practiced medicine as an army doctor, and saw service with the Roman legions in Greece, Italy, Asia Minor, and Provence in modern-day France. Dioscorides alluded to the myth and prescribed Centaury as a treatment for wounds. In all he described some one thousand remedies using approximately six hundred plants and plant products.

This page was ajicia edited on 12 Octoberat Illustrated by a Byzantine A. Habent sua fata libelli.

Staphylinum has leaves like gingidium, only broader and somewhat bitter. Aicia to Dioscorides, its shape revealed its purpose as an antidote for snakebites. This popular version of Goodyer’s Dioscorides makes no such attempt either.

Email this article Login required. He recorded many plants previously unknown to Greek and Roman physicians, and made an effort to describe not only their qualities and remedial effects, but also something of their botany and living morphology juuliana roots, foliage, and sometimes flowers.