Lakkhana Sutta. The thirtieth sutta of the Dīgha Nikāya. It gives an account of the thirty two special marks of the superman (mahāpurisalakkhanāni) which signify. DN 30 Lakkhana Sutta: The Marks of a Great Man. The Lord said: ‘There are, monks, these thirty-two marks peculiar to a Great Man. That Great Man who. Lakkhana Suttanta, Written by T. W. and C. A. F. Rhys Davids, Hits: You are here: Home · Digha Nikaya · Pathikavaggapali; DN30 Lakkhana Sutta.
|Published (Last):||15 March 2013|
|PDF File Size:||20.46 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||14.89 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
We discussed the thirty-two marks of a great man and the seven treasures of a righteous emperor in sutta The marks of a great man are, perhaps paradoxically, observable shortly after birth.
If they are all present, they indicate that the infant will grow up to be either a righteous emperor, who governs in accordance with dharma, or a Buddha, who achieves enlightenment and teaches dharma.
The seven treasures represent seven essential qualities of a righteous emperor:. A righteous emperor has however conquered, not by force of arms, but by the power of truth, and rules his empire based on justice and law. A Buddha, the sutta says, draws back the veil from the world — implying that the world is veiled or obscured from sight. The world that we perceive is not reality. It is a false front or, as we might say today, virtual.
Commentators endlessly emphasize how odd the thirty-two marks of a great man are, but most of them are not hard to lakkhanx. This really tells us little about the actual physical appearance of the Buddha, but Rhys Davids has suggested that the mole between the eyebrows and the large cranium may represent actual physical idiosyncrasies of the historical Buddha. You will notice that this sutta, like many others, is written in both verse and prose.
Each verse section is presented as a summary of the prose section that precedes it, but the prose section could equally be viewed as a commentary.
Verse has the merit of being more easily memorized than prose. Thus, the question lakkhaa, which came first, the prose or the verse? Hajime Nakamura states that the verse sections predate the prose sections. Similarly, the verse sections of the Jatakas are canonical, but the prose sections are not.
Lakkhana Sutta; 1 Definition(s)
However, as I have observed before, a late date of composition neither proves that the constituent material is either late or logically or philosophically illegitimate even if it is. The qualities and characteristics of a future Buddha are, like everything else, the result of karma.
Each of these characteristics seems to symbolize a noble quality earned in former lives. Thus, this theory of the thirty-two marks of a great man is really a codification of the general theory of karma, identifying the cause of each characteristic and its effects in the present life which are comparableboth for emperors and buddhas. There is a similar Mahayana sutra, called the Karma Sutrawhich compiles a similar list of qualities without special reference to a buddha or the thirty-two marks.
From the modern secular perspective, genetic outcomes are the results of random chance, but the concept of randomness is not emphasized in Buddhism, which is based on dependent origination and karma: Therefore, there are no coincidences. This structure provides a template that you can use to analyze your own karmic inheritance, by identifying your best and worst features in this life, which in turn provides a guide as to how to overcome this negative karma through practice.
These negative qualities also provide a checklist of the qualities that must be cultivated in order to become a Buddha. Ethics are strongly emphasized. The list also provides an unusual view of the Five Precepts Pansilin which each of the precepts is complemented by a positive action too, not just an avoidance, showing that the Buddha in past lives did not merely abstain from negative karma, but also cultivated positive karma. Perhaps surprisingly, sensuality and alcohol are not emphasized in this important list of the attributes of a Buddha.
There are a few points of interest in this list of karmic qualities. We have seen a hint of this before, when the devas and asuras congregate together to honour the Buddha. Nagas also are morally ambiguous creatures. Nagas are snake or dragon beings, especially cobras with one or many heads, that dwell in lakes, oceans, or underground streams and caverns, as well as on the human-inhabited earth.
They are also associated with treasure and hidden esoteric writings of great importance, called termas lit.
DN30 Lakkhana Sutta
The nagas are also able to appear as human beings, apparently at will. There is a lakkahna of a naga who wished to ordain as a Buddhist monk, so nagas include Buddhists clearly. The naga Mucalinda even protected the Buddha from a great storm for seven days, four weeks after his enlightenment, by covering his head with his hood.
Sariputta and Moggallana, the two chief disciples of the Buddha, are called mahanagas lit. Nagas also appear commonly in the names of great Buddhist philosophers.
The Vajrayana and Mahasiddha traditions include esoteric texts that are associated with nagas. The Prajnaparamita is traditionally held to have been revealed to Nagarjuna by a naga.
Those who practise only elementary ethics are reborn here.
Gandhabbas are known as musicians. Aerial and connected with trees and flowers, they dwell in the scents of bark, sap, and blossom. The sutta also reveals that the Buddha, despite his poverty, was still able to enjoy a good meal. The sutta also alludes to the seven treasures of a Buddha: Such wisdom is great, extensive, joyous, swift, sutya, and discerning, meaning that it is metaphysical, universal, sutra happiness, is incisive, profound, and analytical.
We also learn four lakkhama to be loved: Finally, this is the only sutta in the Digha Nikaya that has no ending. Therefore, will I … just stop.
The Marks Digha Nikaya 30 Country: The seven treasures represent seven essential qualities of a righteous emperor: Negative Karma Avoided Positive Karma Cultivated Karmic Effect Taking life Compassion Longevity Stealing Generosity Good disposition towards him by others Wrongful speech lying, idle chatter, lakkhan, harshness Truthfulness, speaking at the right time, peacemaking, agreeableness Obedience by others, cannot be suttaa, unity of the people, persuasiveness Perhaps surprisingly, sensuality and alcohol are not emphasized in this important list of the attributes of a Buddha.
To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: