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Rather, they expect stories about good guys vs. Yet popular stories, democratic or authoritarian, have effects.

Luna represents prioritizing the nation, while his enemies thought only of self. We saved you some trouble. There is a diptych of heroism at the center of the film distilled in the line: Want to Retire Early? All the Best Style Moves of The fantastical belief, or perhaps counterfactual, at the heart of Heneral Luna is the wish for national deliverance after imperialism: But as Resil Mojares’s Brains of the Nation to me, the single most important book on Filipino ilustrados shows, the collaboration of people like Pardo with the Americans had multiple impulses.

Which is why he offers another excuse for promoting an authoritarian figure: But the influence of literature and film cannot be reduced to simple causality. Pardo de Tavera deserved to be shot for surrendering to the Americans. Those who “collaborated” with Americans have been pilloried for opportunism by historians from the “nationalist school” of the University of the Philippines.

The Busiest Senate Re-Electionists: For others, a clean shave takes the vibe all the way back to grade school. For some, it works both ways.


Rizal’s writings may have changed the course of history but it was his effective leadership that brought people together. Unfortunately, nationalistic deliverance may be as fleeting as the ending criminality in 3 to 6 months.

We use cookies to ensure you get the best experience on Esquiremag. But it foregrounded a strong, dictatorial leader at a time when people were sick of effete and opportunistic liberals. Unfortunately, intentionally or unintentionally, Mr.

It’s the simplicity of “bayan o sarili” that continues to trouble me. On the issue of whether or not Heneral Luna helped elect Rodrigo Duterte, he dismisses critics through a challenge: But I am a citizen of the Philippines, and I seek a democratic future for our country. Apart from pacifism, they believed, maybe naively, that the liberal reforms they sought under Spain would be possible under America. But of course cinema and electoral politics must trade in fantasy.

When people watch blockbusters or superhero movies, they are not expecting tragedies about the hubris of authoritarianism.

The beats of the film follow that of the contemporary blockbuster, and in certain respects, a superhero movie. My comments on Twitter seem to have offended the director, Jerrold Tarog, and I offer my apologies for any personal hurt my words have caused. And to this extent, I am wary of cultural content that may aid in eroding our democratic culture. But they were complex characters, maybe more complex than the martial Luna.

Against him were the scheming and effete “traitors” like Buencamino who wanted to surrender to the Americans. On one side, you find, in Tarog’s words, the “uncompromising and violent” Luna, who wished to fight the Philippine-American War to the bitter end.

Does this mean these people were not opportunists? Heneral Luna dismisses these figures in the same light. View More Articles About:.


The Greatest Movies Scenes of It also glorified a violent nationalism and dismissed hubgis as treason. Provincial elites and ilustrados like Luna were leading their troops—many of whom were poor peasants—into slaughter, and while compromising with the enemy may have been less glorious than dying on the field of battle alas, less cinematic?

Counterpoint: ‘Heneral Luna’ Romanticized Strongmen | Esquire Ph

Never mind that independence from Americans would have still ended up with elite, cacique rule. Subscribe to our newsletter! Lixandro I am inquisitorial, it is only because whatever authoritarian fantasies Mr.

This is How You Wear a Logo. Tarog imposes an unreasonably high bar on what constitutes artistic influence.

Lisandro Hubris

As a historian, I object to portraying those who sued for peace as “traitors. Do Not Rush to Judgment. Its doyen, Teodoro Agoncillo, once claimed that T. Tarog cannot wash his hands of this message. The 10 Huhris Cars of If the film didn’t hammer this message, its marketing definitely did.

The Most Influential People in Food of There’s an argument to be made that the liberal reformist, Jose Rizal, who admired many aspects of American republicanism, would have agreed with his drinking buddy, Pardo. So did Heneral Luna contribute to Duterte’s rise? The Year in Fashion Collaborations.

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For politicians like Buencamino to seek peace after such carnage may have been traitorous to some, but humane for others.